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Goal for this week

  • Technical work + something else

Long term goal

  • Build a repertoire

17 Dec


  • explore explicit variety of textures in first page. rubato must be varied and not too much. don’t put cap on ppp
  • When large chords come in, allow space for phrasing

Chopin Nocturne

  • Focus on sideways movement in LH, to limit volume

10 Dec


  • sfff section, prioritise bottom melody, make sure pedalling is correct
  • agitato section, phrasing chromatic downwards is fine.
  • phrasing must be exaggerated to be significant
  • recording analysis is essential for an independent interpretation


  • bounce off this Bb, not too loud
  • after sf, comedic contrast to p

4 Dec

  • if anything, preserve integrity of top phrasing line. when slurred, try best to avoid ‘staccato’ touch
  • don’t neglect LH line here. RH, try to preserve held note with fingers to allow for variability in pedal

  • coordinate these two notes. LH is in tandem RH, LH is not an accompaniment. Catch bottom note with pedal.
  • in mf section, phrasing is key with top line. It is much more phrased than the ff section. (more influenced by fluctuations)
  • When in practice mode this week, do without pedal
  • fff section is diminshed chords resolving to minor chords


  • always have light 3rd beat, especially when slur ends on 3rd beat. Watch pedalling for this as well.
  • Equally as important
  • start: trumpets
  • lightly section: phrase, but back away quickly. Watch out for chromatic

Chopin prelude

26 Nov

  • use of arm weight first page will give greater control. phrase of inner chords should still be phrased, only on top note though
  • phrasing is based on how much it blends into the

Hot tips 4 learning quick

  • fundamental philosophy is ‘correct repetitions’
  1. slower
  2. smaller sections
  • important if low on time


3 elements this week:

  1. pedalling?
  2. phrasing?
  3. accent on 1


  • left hand thumb in accomp is important
  • fast notes should not be ‘rushed’
  • even if going really soft, make sure notes are going down fully. Keep legato so there isn’t an over-reliance on pedal.

19 Nov

Arpeggios: accuracy + legato


  • ppp sections, keep soft, not too much rubato.
  • mf sections, watch pedalling, can lift off slightly but keep the spirit
  • last line of first page, opportunity to voice something in the LH

Notes 12 Nov


  • count start slowly, rubato before 3rd note
  • follow pedalling carefully
  • phrase by subtle differences on how clear the top note is
  • You can skip to fff section, middle section is difficult


  • when playing soft, not actually weak technique. Confident but soft, go down to the bottom of the key rapidly
  • dolce, the zone that projects, but is not aggressive. Certain peaks of phrasing can be aggressive
  • LH marcato more here (voice LH). Generally in middle section, RH softer.
  • cresc in RH here. bar 31-32, diminuendo late
  • RH getting louder
  • take advantage of small notes for rubato
  • don’t repeat tie note here

Notes 5 Nov

  • start arpeggios

Ex 8C

  • high level analysis: assign each pitch a separate dynamic level


  • Now that pedalling is adjusted, listen carefully to voicing of melody. Can I hear it (do I want to hear it?). In front section, make sure phrasing occurs from RH
  • Inner triplets always soft
  • rubato, bigger or smaller? good self assessment tool is recording
  • pp, rubato before, take advantage of small note
  • sotto voce – under your voice, fade with accompaniment
  • aggression on this crescendo
  • start RH softer here for bigger cresc
  • voice top note here

Notes 29 Oct


  • Hit top note hard for phrasing


  • group in 4s make sure it is 4 octaves
  • Start Dominant 7th of E


  • in opening section, much less pedal. The left hand pattern/motif needs to be clear
  • when doing rubato, always have original speed in mind to return to. Can do more rubato.
  • When phrasing, take advantage of getting softer.
  • check number of LH notes in these sections
  • half pedal here, helps voice the melody here
  • Pedalling is okay here because it gives the feeling of coming towards an ‘end’


  • At the simplest level, rubato here is pause then speed up. Should be in perfect balance.

Sight reading

  • Rhythm: find fundamental divisions and read rhythm off that.
  • Reading: next step up is to read harmonically